CentOS/Ubuntu/Debian常用版本更换国内源

CentOS/Ubuntu/Debian常用版本更换国内源

 

前言

最近折腾各种发行版本 Linux~ 国内机器安装东西有点慢,所以整理了 Ubuntu(乌班图)、CentOSDebian(大便) 的常用 Linux 换国内源的方法,以便日后翻阅。

Ubuntu16.04换APT源

备份源

备份原始的源,以防以后可以用的

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

更换源

使用 gedit 打开文档,将下边的源复制进去,然后点击保存关闭

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

将下边的阿里源复制进去

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe

高校、网易源

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

#deb http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
#deb-src http://linux.xidian.edu.cn/mirrors/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse

更新源

sudo apt-get update

复损坏的软件包,尝试卸载出错的包,重新安装正确版本的

sudo apt-get -f install

更新软件

sudo apt-get upgrade

CentOS7换YUM源

备份源

mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo  /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.bak

更换源

查看自己按照的 Cen­tOS 系统的版本

cat /etc/system-release

根据系统版本号,下载对应 yum 源配置文件到上面那个文件夹内
进入到 yum 源配置文件所在的文件夹

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

阿里源

# CentOS7
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
# CentOS6
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo
# CentOS5
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-5.repo

网易源

#CentOS7
wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS7-Base-163.repo
#CentOS6
wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo
#CentOS5
wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS5-Base-163.repo

更新源

yum 生成缓存

yum makecache

更新系统

yum -y update

Debian9换APT源

备份源

mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak

更换源

编辑 /etc/​apt/​sources.list 文件

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

将下边的阿里源复制进去,然后点击保存关闭

deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security stretch/updates main
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security stretch/updates main
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib

网易源

deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ stretch/updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/debian-security/ stretch/updates main non-free contrib

中科大

deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/ stretch-backports main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian-security/ stretch/updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian-security/ stretch/updates main non-free contrib

更新源

apt-get update
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文章名称:《CentOS/Ubuntu/Debian常用版本更换国内源》
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